Visitors since October 2013

Supine position Lateral position Prone position

Katame waza

Techniques for fixation of the attacker

Katame means Controlling; There are several types to control or fix an attacker. These techniques are usually applied in the ground. Exception here are the transport grips (please refer to the appropriate area), which are useful to lead the aggressor away.

The following types are suitable to fix an attacker after a successful defense technique on the ground:

  • Kansetzu waza - Locking techniques
    • Ude kansetzu - Arm locking techniques
    • Te kansetzu - Hand locking techniques
    • Ashi kansetzu - Leg/Foot locking techniques
    • Kubi kansetzu - Neck locking techniques
  • Jime waza - Choking techniques
  • Osae komi waza - Pinning techniques

Wherein the pinning techniques are only of minor importance, since lack control over pain. The attacker is thus better able to take countermeasures. Osae komi waza find more in judo competition sport use and are less suitable for the effective self defense. (more about the Judo pinning techniques at

At the locking and choking techniques the fixation and control of the aggressor will be done by pain. It should however be noted that persons who stand under the influence of drugs; this includes excessive alcohol consumption, the sensation of pain and the pain threshold is significantly restricted.

Legal basis for fixing an attacker (Germany)

Clinging, fixing or transportation of a person against his will, is a offense of coercing and false imprisonment in Germany and many other countries.

The arrest by private persons (see StPO §127) is allowed only with a legal status. The following aspects may justify the "provisional arrest" by private persons in Germany:

  • The culprit must be "caught red-handed" on
  • In addition, risk of flight must be given
  • During physical aggression the self-defense section BGB §227 and StGB §32 comes into play.
  • Rules of self-help BGB §229-231

The fixing or even the transport of a potential aggressor in principle requires an appropriate proportionality in the action of the defender.

Supine position Lateral position Prone position
Sitemap Contact Imprint

© 2013 T. Westermann